Dr John E Kupchik
Ph.D. Linguistics (2011), University of Hawaii
Dr. Kupchik received his B.A. in Japanese Language from the University of Hawai'i at Manoa in 2002, and went on to complete his M.A. in Linguistics (2004) and Ph.D. in Linguistics (2011) at the same university. After this he was awarded a JSPS postdoctoral fellowship in the Department of Linguistics at Kyoto University (2011-2013). He is currently a Research Fellow (2019-2024) funded by a European Research Council (ERC) grant, working as a core member of the "Etymological Dictionary of the Japonic Languages" project (he is in charge of the Northern Ryukyuan and Muromachi Period Japanese entries).
His current research consists of four long-term projects: 1) A linguistic study of the Azuma Old Japanese dialects, recorded in poetry in the eighth century CE; 2) The historical development of the moribund Hachijō language, including contact-induced changes; 3) A linguistic analysis and translation of the Omoro Sōshi (16-17th century CE), which contains the most significant record of the Old Ryukyuan language; and 4) The historical development of the Ryukyuan languages, with a focus on sound change, loanwords and contact-induced changes.
Research | Current
Forthcoming. The Phonetics and Phonology of the Azuma Old Japanese Dialects. (550pp)
2021d. Review of Man'yōshū Book 16, by Alexander Vovin (2020). In The Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol 141 (4).
2021c. Austronesian lights the way: The origins of the words for 'sun' and other celestial vocabulary in Old Ryukyuan. In The International Journal of Eurasian Linguistics, vol 3 (2).
2021b. Ainu loanwords in Hachijō. In Kupchik, John et al. (eds.). Studies in Asian Historical Linguistics, Philology and Beyond, 91-102. Leiden: Brill.
2021a. Kupchik, John et al. (eds.). Studies in Asian Historical Linguistics, Philology and Beyond. Leiden: Brill. (xxxiv + 337pp)
2017. Review of The Role of Contact in the Origins of the Japanese and Korean Languages, by J. Marshall Unger (2009). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. In Cahiers de Linguistique – Asie Orientale vol 46 (2):195-205.
2016. On the etymology of the Eastern Japanese word tego. In The Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol 136 (4): 733-743.
2013. Hypermetricality and synchronic vowel elision in hiatus contexts in Eastern Old Japanese poetry. In Cahiers de Linguistique – Asie Orientale vol 42 (1): 2-32.
2012. Morpheme-based rendaku as a rhythmic stabilizer in Eastern Old Japanese poetry. In Acta Linguistica Asiatica vol 2 (1): 9-22.
2011. A Grammar of the Eastern Old Japanese Dialects. PhD dissertation, University of Hawaii at Manoa. (xxxix + 1,018pp)
2007. A comprehensive study of mwo, mö, mye, mey, po, pye, and pey syllables in the Eastern Old Japanese dialects. In University of Hawaii Working Papers in Linguistics vol 38 (7): 1-33.
Areas of expertise
- Historical linguistics
- Language contact
- Japonic etymologies and reconstruction
- Old Japanese (Nara Period) poetry, linguistics and dialectology
- Heian Period Japanese linguistics
- Muromachi Period Japanese
- Old Ryukyuan poetry and linguistics
- Northern Ryukyuan linguistics
- Hachijō linguistics
- Ainu linguistics
- Omoro Sōshi
- Nara-period culture
- Heian-period culture
Member of the Editorial Board of the Languages of Asia book series (published by Brill, Leiden).