Professor Thegn Niels Ladefoged
MA PhD (Hawaii)
- Professor of Anthropology
Research | Current
- Oceanic prehistory
- Socio-political transformations
- Agricultural development
- Landscape archaeology
- Spatial analysis
Thegn’s research includes projects in New Zealand, Hawai‘i, and Rapa Nui.
Thegn’s research in New Zealand focuses on three projects. The first was recently funded by the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fund. Working with McCoy, Stevenson, O’Neale and Jorgensen the project examines how social networks beyond the village changed as Māori society developed. By tracing the spatial and temporal distribution of obsidian artefacts the project will document where and when new types of social forms came about in relation to diverse social and environmental contexts. The project builds on established methods for determining the movement of obsidian through chemical signatures of natural obsidian sources. Proposed experiments will re-establish obsidian hydration dating as a viable method for determining the age of New Zealand artefacts. By utilizing GIS and social network analysis modelling we will integrate the data to investigate the dynamic complexities of social interaction and gain new insights into how Māori society was transformed from village-based groups to powerful hapū and iwi.
Thegn’s second New Zealand project is as a member of Te Pūnaha Matatini: The Centre for Complex Systems and Networks, a New Zealand Government funded Centre of Research Excellence. Thegn is working with Allen, Plank, Kerr, and PhD student Reno Nims on a project investigating changes in Māori fishing.
Thegn’s third New Zealand based project is on Ahuahu/Great Mercury Island, working with Ngati Hei, Sir Michael Fay, Holdaway, Philipps, Jorgensen, and Furey. The project is investigating the history and land use of the island, with Thegn focusing on gardening activities on the island.
Thegn’s Hawai’i research is investigating Hawaiian ecodynamics, with an emphasis on the leeward districts of Kohala and Kona on the Big Island of Hawai’i. This research has been funded by the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fund, the National Science Foundation, with further grant applications in development. The work is multidisciplinary in nature and involves collaboration with archaeologists (McCoy, Kirch, Graves, Mulrooney, and Field), ecologists (Vitousek, Lincoln), soil scientists (Chadwick), botanists (Hotchkiss), and demographers (Tuljapurkar, Lee, Puleston). Thegn’s focus is on leeward rain-fed agricultural fieldsystems, where he is documenting the relationships between agricultural development, sociopolitical transformations, and ideological shifts.
On Rapa Nui, Thegn is involved in a project investigating the evidence for terrestrial resource dynamics and societal collapse. The project was funded by the National Science Foundation and includes researchers from Rapa Nui (Haoa), the United States (Stevenson, Chadwick, Vitousek, Puleston), and New Zealand (Ladefoged). The research is focusing on climate change, environmental degradation, and subsistence transformations to develop an empirical assessment of how these may, or may not, have influenced pre-European contact societal collapse on the island.
Teaching | Current
ANTHRO 104 Peoples and Cultures of the Pacific
ANTHRO 200 Archaeology: Understanding the Past
ANTHRO 306 Pacific Archaeology
ANTHRO 703AB Landscape Archaeology
Selected publications and creative works (Research Outputs)
- Quintus, S., Allen, M. S., & Ladefoged, T. N. (2016). In Surplus and in Scarcity: Agricultural Development, Risk Management, and Political Economy on Ofu Island, American Samoa. American Antiquity, 81 (2), 273-293. 10.7183/0002-73126.96.36.1993
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Melinda Allen
- McIVOR, I. S. A. A. C. H., & LADEFOGED, T. H. E. G. N. N. (2016). A multi-scalar analysis of Māori land use on Ahuahu (Great Mercury Island), New Zealand. Archaeology in Oceania, 51 (1), 45-61. 10.1002/arco.5080
- Mccoy, M. D., Mulrooney, M. A., Horrocks, M., Cheng, H., & Ladefoged, T. N. (2016). Evaluating agricultural bet-hedging strategies in the Kona Field System: New high-precision<sup>230</sup>Th/U and <sup>14</sup>C dates and plant microfossil data from Kealakekua, Hawai'i Island. Archaeology in Oceania10.1002/arco.5121
Other University of Auckland co-authors: Mark Horrocks
- Jones, B. D., Ladefoged, T. N., & Asner, G. (2015). Tracing the resilience and revitalisation of historic taro troduction in Waipi‘o Valley, Hawai‘i. Journal of the Polynesian Society, 124 (1), 83-109. 10.15286/jps.124.1.83-109
- Stevenson, C. M., Puleston, C. O., Vitousek, P. M., Chadwick, O. A., Haoa, S., & Ladefoged, T. N. (2015). Variation in Rapa Nui (Easter Island) land use indicates production and population peaks prior to European contact. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112 (4), 1025-1030.
- Phillips, N., Ladefoged, T. N., McPhee, B. W., & Asner, G. P. (2015). Location, location, location: A viewshed analysis of heiau spatial and temporal relationships in leeward Kohala, Hawai‘i. Journal of Pacific Archaeology, 6 (2), 21-40. Related URL.
- Lincoln, N., & Ladefoged, T. (2014). Agroecology of pre-contact Hawaiian dryland farming: the spatial extent, yield and social impact of Hawaiian breadfruit groves in Kona, Hawai'i. Journal of Archaeological Science, 49, 192-202. 10.1016/j.jas.2014.05.008
- McCoy, M. D., Ladefoged, T. N., Codlin, M., & Sutton, D. G. (2014). Does Carneiro's circumscription theory help us understand Maori historyα An analysis of the obsidian assemblage from Pouerua Pa, New Zealand (Aotearoa). Journal of Archaeological Science, 42 (1), 467-475. 10.1016/j.jas.2013.11.034